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Conference: modern monument protection in the Habsburg Monarchy

8 November 2018

Institute of History, Slovak Academy of Sciences

International scientific conference
From the K. u k. Zentral-Commission to the European Heritage Label
165th Anniversary of Establishment of the Royal and Imperial Central Commission for Preservation and Research of Artistic Heritage (1853 – 2018)
The international scientific conference seeks to commemorate the beginnings of institutional monument protection in Central Europe.
On 10 January 1853, the Imperial and Royal Central Commission for Preservation and Research of Artistic Heritage started to operate. Thus began the actual practice of modern monument protection in the Habsburg Monarchy, and its continuity lasts to this day. The Central Commission intervened in all the Crownlands and left traces of its conservation and research work in each of them.
Already during the existence of the monarchy, an “autonomous” administration for monument protection in Hungary (for that time including also Slovakia) was established with competences determined by a special legal act (1881). At the same time, the initiatives of private scholars and learned societies have developed.
The fall of the monarchy in the years 1918–19 means an end of the primary stage of the institutional protection of monuments in Central Europe. But the “Viennese” legacy becomes a basis for heritage administration in various successor states: Austria, Czecho-Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and Italy. Advancing from the common grounds the practice of monument protection in these states set out to their own specific (national) ways.
The post-war idea of integration within Europe, originally in the spheres of industry and economics (1951), has gradually, and particularly after the political changes in 1989, developed into deeper cooperation also in the sphere of culture. The well-known historiographic fact of “common history” connecting Europe is successfully documented especially by the example of cultural heritage. The existence of mutually close cultural, architectonic and artistic phenomena in various countries has already led to a number of multilateral projects and ultimately also to the European Union’s initiative entitled the European Heritage Label (2011).

Programme

Bratislava (Slovakia), Old Town Hall, Faust Hall

21 November 2018 (Wednesday)

official speeches:
Director Dr Peter Hyross (City Museum Bratislava)
Director General Dr Katarína Kosová (Monuments Board of the Slovak Republic)
Deputy Director Dr Peter Šoltés (Institute of History, Slovak Academy of Sciences)

keynote lectures:
Sandro Scarrocchia (Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera, Milano)
The Vienna school of art history and the conservation of monuments: Alois Riegl, Max Dvořák and Hans Tietze

Alena Janatková (freelance researcher, Berlin)
Alois Riegls „Der moderne Denkmalkultus“ und die Memoria in der Denkmalpflege
Galicia and Bukovina
Magdalena Młodawska (Instytut Historii Sztuki, Uniwersytet Jagielloński; Zamek Królewski na Wawelu, Państwowe Zbiory Sztuki, Kraków)
Władisław Łuszczkiewicz as a Member of the K. K. Central-Commission zur Erforschung und Erhaltung der Kunst- und historischen Denkmale: Conservation Theory and Practice in Cracow in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century

Magdalena Kunińska (Instytut Historii Sztuki, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków; New European College, Bucuresti)
Political and theoretical context for the activities of Paweł Popiel (1807–1892) as the conservator in Galicia against the discourse of the multinational empire

Waldemar Józef Deluga (Ostravská univerzita, Filozofická fakulta, Ostrava)
Protection in Eastern Christian monuments in Bukovina at the turn of the 20th century

Bohemia
Jaroslav Horáček (Ústav pro dějiny umění, Filozofická fakulta University Karlovy, Praha)
Conservator František X. Beneš (1816–1888), an unknown personality of the beginnings of monument protection in Bohemia (in Czech)

Kristina Uhlíková (Ústav dějin umění Akademie věd ČR, v. v. i., Praha)
The monument protection in the country of twin nations. Czech and German monument protection in Bohemia (in Czech)

Jana Marešová (Ústav dějin umění Akademie věd ČR, v. v. i., Praha)
Archaeologic Commission and the inventory of monuments (in Czech)

Jan Uhlík (Ústav dějin umění Akademie věd ČR, v. v. i., Praha)
Bestia triumphans? The task of Inventory commission for documentation and protection of valuable monuments of the Royal Capital in course of Prague Sanitation (in Czech)

Southern parts of the monarchy: Friuli, Croatia
Vittorio Foramitti (Dipartimento Politecnico di Ingegneria e Architettura, Università degli Studi di Udine)
The Central Commission in north-eastern Italy: protagonists and restorations in Friuli-Venezia Giulia, 1853–1918

Franko Ćorić (Odsjek za povijest umjetnosti, Filozofski fakultet, Sveučilište u Zagrebu)
Continuities and discontinuities of the policies of the Central Commission in Croatia
22 November 2018 (Thursday)

Historic Hungary: Slovakia and Hungary
keynote lecture:
József Sisa (MTA Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Művészettörténeti Intézet, Budapest)
From the Central-Commission to the National Commission of Monuments: Changing Institutional Framework and Principal Projects over 100 Years
Henrieta Žažová (Ústav dejín Trnavskej univerzity, Trnavská univerzita, Trnava)
The Hungarian Commission for Monuments and protection of castles and fortifications (in Slovak)

Peter Buday (Katedra dejín výtvarného umenia, Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Komenského, Bratislava) Arnold Ipoly-Stummer and restorations of medieval monuments (in Slovak)

Lilla Farbaky-Deklava (MTA Bölcsészettudományi Kutatóközpont, Művészettörténeti Intézet, Budapest)
A change of generations in monument protection: the extension of the church of Deáki/Diakovce

Štefan Oriško (Katedra dejín výtvarného umenia, Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Komenského, Bratislava)
Wenzel Merklas (1809–1866) and his activities in monument protection (in Slovak)

Karol Hollý (Historický ústav Slovenskej akadémie vied, Bratislava)
Conceptions of collecting in the Slovak national movement in turn of the 20th century (Andrej Kmeť and the Slovak Museum Society) (in Slovak)

Štefan Gaučík (Historický ústav Slovenskej akadémie vied, Bratislava)
The preservationist work of Jozef Könyöki (in Slovak)

Katarína Haberlandová (Historický ústav Slovenskej akadémie vied, Bratislava)
Bratislava: the background of declaration as Historic Town Reserve (in Slovak)

Marek Krejčí (Center for Art Studies (Praha)
An internationalisation of monument protection: the legacy of the Central-Commission? The monument preservation in central Europe after the fall of central commission (in Czech)

Sélysette Smorjay (ELTE, Bölcsészettudományi Kar, Művészettörténet, Budapest)
1918/2018 – Hundred years of historic preservation in Hungary

Anna Tuhárska / Tomáš Kowalski (Pamiatkový úrad Slovenskej republiky)
The ways to the European Heritage Label (in Slovak)

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